Part 1 – “Nagore Dargah: A jewel restored”, reproduced from The Straits Times, September 8, 2016.
From places of worship to educational institutions to the former residences of prominent figures, 72 buildings in Singapore have been gazetted as national monuments. This is the sixth in a weekly series revisiting these heritage gems. Each is a yarn woven into the rich tapestry of Singapore’s history.
Nagore Dargah: A jewel restored
(The article by the Straits Times journalist Jan Lee is reproduced below together with 2 of the 4 photos featured in the ST story.)
Retired teacher Shaik Kadir’s earliest childhood memories are tied to a former shrine that has been a familiar sight in Telok Ayer for close to 200 years.
He was born in the tiny caretaker’s room of Nagore Dargah, built by early Indian Muslim settlers, and lived there until his father – the caretaker – died when Mr Kadir was seven.
“I remember he was lying there, on a mat in the main hall, when his friend, who was with me at the time, asked me if he had stopped breathing,” said Mr Kadir.
He added quietly: “I couldn’t stop crying afterwards.”
Shortly after his father’s death, Mr Kadir moved out of the Indian Muslim religious monument to Geylang Serai with his mother and his younger sister.
Mr Kadir, now 70, returns regularly to check on his place of birth.
He felt blue when he went back in his early 20s some 50 years ago. “The whitewash had turned black from rainwater and street dust. I felt sad, feeling quite sure that the building would be demolished one day,” recalled Mr Kadir.
But his worries were unfounded.
The former Nagore Dargah, which sits at the junction of Telok Ayer and Boon Tat streets, has since been restored as a heritage centre detailing the history of the Chulia, or Indian Muslim, immigrants in Singapore.
It was built in 1830 as a replica of the original Nagore Dargah – a shrine in the town of Nagore in India – to honour the 13th century Muslim saint Shahul Hamid.
The original shrine in Nagore was built over the tomb of the pious Sufi holy man who is said to have performed many miracles and acts of healing.
Early Chulia immigrants would visit the shrine in Nagore to pray for a safe journey before they set sail for the Straits Settlements.
These immigrants, mostly merchants, were attracted by the British trading post in Singapore and entered the island from the seafront that used to face Telok Ayer.
While the bodily remains of the saint remained in Nagore, grateful Chulia immigrants erected a replica of the original Nagore Dargah to thank the saint for a safe journey.
The building subsequently became an important religious monument for the Chulias, alongside Al-Abrar Mosque down the street, where many would gather for Friday worship.
The two were gazetted as national monuments in 1974. Three other national monuments – Thian Hock Keng Temple, the former Keng Teck Whay Building and Telok Ayer Chinese Methodist Church – line the same street.
Telok Ayer Street was then a colourful and bustling street, Mr Kadir said, fondly remembering the Chinese storytellers, five-cent cowboy movies and fruit sellers on pushcarts in the area.
Amid the many places of worship on the street, Nagore Dargah stands out with its pointy minaret-like towers extending over its flat roof, and a horseshoe arch entrance – just two of its many elements of traditional Islamic architecture.
Yet, upon closer inspection, the building reveals itself to be an eclectic mix of East and West.
Nagore Dargah’s facade and interior are framed by Corinthian and Doric columns, commonly seen in ancient Greek architecture. Large French-style windows with semi-circular fanlights also line the side facing Boon Tat Street.
In 2010, when Mr Kadir found out that the building was going to be revived as a heritage centre about Indian Muslims, he promptly donated a photo of himself as a boy on the rooftop and a birth certificate stating that he was born in 140, Telok Ayer Street, the address of Nagore Dargah.
The Nagore Dargah Indian Muslim Heritage Centre was officially opened in 2011 by the late President S R Nathan, who had supported the transformation of Nagore Dargah into a heritage centre.
Mr Naseer Ghani, secretary of the centre’s management committee, said Mr Nathan was very much involved in the establishment of the heritage centre and gave advice on how it should develop.
“He also advised us about how we should educate young Singaporeans about the history and culture of our pioneers, including minority groups like the Indian Muslims.”
While it may now be a heritage centre, Mr Kadir said Nagore Dargah, which once towered over its neighbours, has remained largely unchanged.
“The floors are nicely tiled now and they did some refurbishing, but everything, these columns, these doors, these cast-iron gates are all the same.”
The grandfather of two walked up to the rooftop of his former residence and said: “This is where I used to play with Ah Gow, my next-door neighbour and my classmate at Sepoy Lines. We would kick a rubber ball around here.”
Peering out of the roof at the building opposite, he said: “I remember I could actually look into Ah Gow’s room from here.”
While Mr Kadir is heartened to see the former shrine enjoying a new lease of life, he knows some things will never be the same again.
“Years ago, after I grew up, I came back here and tried to look for Ah Gow. But nobody around here seems to know about him any more. Perhaps they moved as well.”
(Reproduced from The Straits Times, September 8, 2016: http://www.straitstimes.com/singapore/nagore-dargah-a-jewel-restored